In Or Out?

Open in or open out? Hinges on the left, latch on the right? The direction your door opens/swings raise more questions than you’d think. We take our doors for granted but when it comes to replacing them, we are forced to consider all sorts of questions and answers that can make us even more confused.


Take front doors. Traditionally, Australian doors follow the British model, and open inwards. But why is this?

London doors

For a front door, the convention is that they open into the building simply because it’s not very welcoming to push the door into your visitor’s face – forcing them to retreat – before you’ve even said “Hello!”. Back doors and garden doors, on the other hand, generally open outwards. However, when you look at it from a security point of view, an outward-opening door is more secure than the conventional, making it very difficult for intruders to prize open or force their weight to get the door open.


So which is the correct way?


At Bespoke Front Door, we favour the conventional in welcoming guests into your home with an outward-opening door, but with top-quality locks for extra security.


When you think about it, living in London, in our climate, it’s unlikely that our garden doors and windows are open every day – especially throughout winter months. So, if they were designed to open inwards, we might find ourselves having to rearrange our living space furniture each time we wish to open up.


Another argument for having front doors opening inward is that in extreme weather events a build-up of snow outside could trap residents inside their house.

Bespoke front door

Double Doors


With pairs of doors, there is an additional question: which door should have the handle on it and therefore open first? The majority of humans are right-handed and therefore most pairs have the right-hander opening first and away from you – but, remember, that’s the ‘left-hander’ opening towards you when you’re approaching from the other side.


After that, you’d think that deciding the door swing for internal room doors would be easy. Doors off a hallway generally open inwards for the simple practical reason of avoiding blocking the gangway. The only exceptions are doors to walk-in storage cupboards. These generally open out into the hallway and this is seldom a problem since they are kept shut most of the time.

Victorian front door

Public vs Private


Add to the confusion the different standards for public buildings, where you’ll find most doors open outwards, which is a safety measure in case a busy building needs to be evacuated quickly. Crowd pressure on an inward-facing door can prevent it from opening at all, so a simple push-out door is the easiest emergency exit.


So, with good points on both sides, the debate on inside or outside-opening front doors doesn’t look like being resolved any time soon. However, style and technology have moved on and today these are not your only options. Consider other styles of doors, such as sliding glass doors or extra security when it comes to locks and latches.

Bespoke In: Yellow

You can add instant curb appeal by painting your front door, but yellow may not be your first consideration for a paint colour. However, it’s a fun and happy colour that radiates warmth, cheer, and is inviting to all who visit. Enjoy our favourite picks of yellow door colours to inspire creativity over the upcoming summer months.

London doors

Why Yellow?

Yellow is one of the primary colours that is considered to be a warm and cheery colour, associated with happiness and well-being, as well as peace and strength. It’s easy to see why yellow has become the colour of choice while homeowners have spruced up their home’s entrance over lockdown!


“Yellow offers the warmest of welcomes for any front door” – Marianne Shillingford, Creative Director at Dulux.


Yellow is linked to optimism and extraversion. Guests will expect sunny rooms and cheerful decor inside. But be cautious not to splash it everywhere – yellow works great against neutral trims, panelling and brickwork, and even more alluring when couple with some natural greenery and outdoor hanging baskets.


Shades We Love


  1. Gold Yellow

This shade of yellow is the most luxurious of the bunch, adding a touch of glam to your Bespoke front door facade. We just love how it adds a pop of colour but also keeps your home’s entrance an elegant walkway, to be admired by all guests and passers-by.

london door

  1. Pastel Yellow

If you’re a fan of the subtle and tasteful shades of yellow, why not opt for a pastel shade? Still being sunny and vibrant, a pastel yellow shade adds a burst of colour to your front facade, without overwhelming your existing style and design.

london front door

  1. Lemon Yellow

For the zesty, fun and creative bunch who plan to brighten up their home’s first impression. Lemon yellow is one of our favourite shades, with the ability to set your house apart from rows of similar properties with an original and eye-catching look.

victorian front door

  1. Canary Yellow

Subtle and subdued it is not, but a canary yellow front door can give your home a zesty new personality. The zing of this beautiful yellow shade can liven up any tired looking home with a burst of creativity and energy. It’s the perfect choice for coupling with white trims and darker panelling/brickwork.

edwardian door

  1. Sunshine Yellow

This alluring shade contrasts beautifully with the darker trims and grey walls, adding a pop of character and personality to your home. Everyone loves some sunshine, and when it’s a part of your home, it’s perfect for adding some fun factor and creating a warm welcome for guests and visitors.

period front doors

Yellow front doors pair beautifully with houses of various style, shape and period, from quaint small country cottages to contemporary new city builds. So, if you’re considering a refresh on your tired front door, go ahead and try some sunshine.

Complementing Traditional Period Door Features Part 1 – The History

If you live in a period home, it’s likely that you flaunt a traditional period front door to match – and there’s no better way to maintain and respect the elegance of your home’s architectural charm. If your period front door is an original, chances are it isn’t as secure as doors you see around the block today. But did you know, you can upgrade your existing door with some modern-day features and still keep the authentic character within your home?

Let’s look at the history at some of these doors, starting with the Georgian era, all the way to the 1930s. In part two, we’ll look at how our services can help preserve the history and style of your home.

Bespoke victorian front door

Georgian Homes

Built during the 18th century, Georgian homes are super easy to identify as they often boast a classic symmetrical look with flat-fronted facades. You’ll also notice that the front door is usually positioned centrally with a window on both sides.

Georgian doors themselves were large, durable and often quite stately-looking. Often you’ll see them painted in a rich glossy coat of darker but bold colours. Think blacks, reds and greens – complemented with classy brass door furniture.

At Bespoke Front Door, we are skilled in handcrafting and recreating Georgian door designs to recreate the original character of your home.

Victorian front door

Victorian Homes

Built during the 19th century, most Victorian properties boast large bay windows on the ground floors, reflecting a gothic architectural style.

Traditionally, a Victorian front door would showcase a homeowners wealth and stature in the community via elaborate front door designs. These would often be enhanced with eye-catching stained glass panels and sidelights, as well as colourful porches, doorsteps and tiling. The Victorian period created curb appeal, it seems. It’s easy to see why so many homes in and around London aim to recreate Victorian builds, touching on their classic poise and timeless style.

London front doors

Edwardian Homes

Built within the decade of 1900-1910, Edwardian homes often portrayed a square-fronted villa style, beautifully decorated with small front gardens and foliage around the door. As well as this, stained glass panels were also a main feature because glass was now cheaper to manufacture than previous years, opening up a whole new style of front door to be used for years and years to follow.

1930s Homes

Built during the 1930s, of course, there was an overall rise in homeownership during the war, and therefore the building of new homes. Typically, these houses are semi-detached with a single large window on one side of the door. Again, glasswork was on the rise but took a more artistic turn with art deco designs e.g. classic sunburst glass panels. Throughout years after, the art deco designs flourished and we can still see some more modern details in period front doors from this era that are making a serious revival in bespoke doors today.

Bespoke period front doors

Read part two to see how our services at Bespoke Front Door can help you preserve your home’s overall character and history.

Why is Your Front Door Important?

If you have asked this question to yourself many times, here’s the answer offered by some people who make it their business to know the perfect answer.

“So many people neglect the importance of their front door. Painting your door in an attractive dark shade, and either polishing or replacing your door furniture can make a huge difference to a buyer’s first impressions. Dark colours are said to work best, but take a look at your neighbours’ doors and if light colours are a theme consider a more muted grey or pale green, neither of which colours are likely to alienate potential buyers.”

Says Phile Spencer in this extract from a guest blog that he did for

Often times the very first impression that a property makes on a buyer dictates how the rest of the visit and dealing will go. Buyers find all kinds of irregular things to be a major turn off. This includes front gardens that are unkempt and full of cars or derelict fencing and gates.

The same thoughts are echoed by a certain Leeds sales agent, ‘If they’re not smiling as they step over the threshold then the rest of the viewing is generally a waste of time. If the vendor doesn’t sort it out then you can end up reducing the price. For every eager buyer put off by the surface appearance there’s a shrewd old pro waiting for the price to tumble. It’s the vendor who loses out.”

Period front door

When looking at it from face value, the condition of your front door (Victorian, Georgian, or modern) might not seem to be important or significant to the overall value of your property. However, experts suggest that you would be wise to reconsider that thought.

Here’s a reason why: “The period front door is a very important part of a home’s curb appeal and contributes greatly to the home’s overall value,” says Lipford.

“It’s usually the first opportunity to influence a guest to your home, or a potential buyer of your home, because they’re going to see that from the road,” explains Lipford. “It’s the nose on the face of the house, and it’s important to showcase it in the best light that you possibly can.”

This extract comes from an interview with Danny Lipford. He’s the executive producer and the host of the Home Improvement show on television: Today’s Homeowner with Danny Lipford.

Don’t just take what we say to heart. Have some insight from the experts instead.

If you have asked this question to yourself many times, here’s the answer offered by some people who make it their business to know the perfect answer.

What Does the Colour of Your Door Say About You?

“Your door is a portal to your personality, not just your house.” – Brie Dyas, House Beautiful, 24th July 2015.

Taking this into account, just what might front door colour suggest about you and the way you feel about your home? After a lengthy discussion with a colour psychologist, we found out that what some of the most common front door colours might suggest about regard for your home:


Quite easily the most popular colours in various studies, a blue front door suggests that the homeowner might view their home as something that can find peace in. A place of refuge that brings calm, serenity, and relaxation. For the homeowner, it’s the perfect retreat from the harsh and oft highly demanding world.

period front doors


This is another colour with a lot of popularity when it comes to front doors – and there’s a lot of good reasons behind that. In psychological terms, green has connotations with harmony, health, and tranquility. These are attributes all homeowners desire from their home.

Victorian front doors


People who have their front door painted black actually communicate something that’s quite different and unique about their homes. The colour black for a front door exhibits power, strength, sophistication, and authority. It indicates to everyone who looks at the door while walking by that the home is under the ownership of someone with substance and assuredness.

London front door


Red is considered to be a powerful colour with some ‘punch’. It is actually known as the colour of passion. Painting the front door red means that the homeowner wants people to know that the house is full of life, energy, and excitement.


Brown is the natural door colour. Whether the door is painted or stained brown, the feel it gives off is natural and organic. However, the message in colour psychology is mixed and can vary. While typical shades of brown convey warmth, stability, and reliability, some darker shades are not so positive. They give off a vibe that suggests privacy and even isolation.

front door London

It’s quite likely that the colour you have selected for your front door exhibits the way you want people to look at your house. It’s a way of making them understand just what the place is all about. If you purchased the house and wish to say something different than the previous owner, the best thing to do is to have a new front door made and painted in a colour that you desire.

Silence is Golden

According to customs and specific case, doors should be closed as quietly as can be. An example is the case of communal buildings, the people living on the ground floor next to the entrance front door would probably dislike whenever the door will be banged shut. Hence, closing the door as silently as possible is a necessity in this case and many more as well. So what exactly can be done to ensure the required silence?

victorian front doors
A magnetic door lock

The initial step involves identifying which part of the door is making the sound. Usually, there are two different sources. It could either be the sound of wood banging into wood when the door hits the frame, or the sound of the lock filling in its place. Sometimes, there could even be a third noise coming from communal front doors. It’s the buzzing of locks in case the door is electronic. Hence, if you need a new door to be fit in, reducing the sound is necessary. Here are some of the things you can do to reduce it:

  1. Locks – replacing the regular communal door lock with a magnetic one helps eliminate the sound that arises when the lock hits its lock keep. It also removes the buzzing from electronic front doors. Most magnetic locks offer operations that are completely silent.
  2. Make sure to check the doorstops and replace them with new ones that offer more ease in closing. You need something that is a generous, soft draught excluder. This kind of doorstop eliminates the wood-on-wood impact sound and decreases sound immensely.
  3. Overhead door closer – installing an overhead door closer, that is fitted in with a brake, allows the door to shut silently no matter how hard it is moved. The door closer stops the swing of the door at a certain point and this small resistance makes the door lose its pace and shut more slowly. The door now moves slower for the final stretch of a few centimetres, which allows it to cushion against the frame and softly slide in to meet the magnetic lock anchors. Hence, doors banging against their frames will no longer be an issue.

An ‘ology in doors

An ology in doors is the characteristic of true art, so much so that it has its own unique vocabulary: difficult words comprehended by the few and astounding at first to the many. Carpentry is not a special case and I’ve been digging into the significance and origin of the absolute most normal terms related to front doors.

Mortise or Mortice: [noun] a gap made in a bit of wood to get a join of a similar size (from the French word mortaise). Begins before 1350 but otherwise unknown. Not to be mistaken for a property loan (the reason the majority of us get up and get to work daily).

Tenon (come from French word tenir which means to hold) is a projection toward the finish of a piece of wood, intended to be embedded into the mortice of another piece, to frame a joint between the two. Not to be mistaken for tennis (a game played in Wimbledon to energize rainfall).

London front door
Anatomy of a front door

Rail and Stile: a development procedure (now and again called ‘casing and panel’) whereby a floating board is held inside an edge on Victorian front doors. Even timbers in the edge are called rails and verticals are stiles. The boards are held in grooves cut into within edges of the rails and stiles, which are themselves held together utilizing tenon and mortise joints. (Rail originates from an old French word reille got initially from the Latin rēgula a ruler (I think they implied something with a straight edge). Stile presumably contacts us from the Dutch Stijl meaning a column or post). Not to be mistaken for Style (which, in the event that you need to ask, you lack).

Muntin: a charming word which sounds like a depiction of a glad, wet and sloppy Labrador however is really a vertical framing timber between two strong or coated door boards. Not to be mistaken for Munchkin a fictional little person in L F Baum’s Wizard of Oz.

Raised and Fielded

If a wooden board has a flat square or rectangular zone at its inside with an angle all around its edges, it is portrayed as being raised and handled. The level of focus is ‘raised’ and the slanting edges are said to be ‘fielded’.


There is any number of mouldings which can be utilized where the surrounding meets the board. A portion of these, (for example, ovolo and sheep’s tongue) are cut from the muntins, rails, and stiles. Others, for example, board and bolection mouldings are ‘connected’ or ‘planted’. Bolection mouldings have a luxurious cross-area and spread the edges of both the board and the encircling. It would be ideal if you note that the spellings moulding and molding are these days utilized conversely although, but molding is just correct in North America.

Victorian front doors
Anatomy of a front door

The Ovolo moulding has an adjusted profile utilizing a fourth of an oval (from the Latin ōvum egg). Sheep’s Tongue has a progressively fine profile with compliment curves.

Explicit, marginally particular when originally experienced, bolections, sheep’s tongues, ovolos, and muntins are all now part of my delight in the language of period front doors. The term bolection, by chance was first used in London in the mid-eighteenth century but past that, its inceptions are shockingly unfamiliar.

Truth to materials

‘Truth to materials’ is a direct idea to explain and substantially more hard to apply when speaking practically. It went to the fore in the 19th century and is especially connected with crafted by Augustus Pugin, William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement in general. Its simplest demand is that creators should not cover up, disguise or differs the nature of the materials they are utilizing. Truth to materials is a design hypothesis dependent on the possibility that materials should be utilized where they are most proper, and without their intrinsic characteristics being covered in any capacity. The sculptor Henry Moore stated:

“One of the primary standards of art so obviously found in crude work is truth to material; the craftsman demonstrates a complete understanding of his material, its correct use and conceivable outcomes.”

The designer Charles Voysey (1857-1941) and the sculptor (stone carver) Henry Moore (1898-1986) both took as their beginning stage the need to comprehend the nature and potential outcomes of the materials they were using. Voysey esteemed simplicity over fancy complexity. His structures had a clear practical sense which created abundance without the artificial complication dearest by the Victorians.

“Stone will be stone and wood will be wood,” demanded Moore during the 1930s, and to make them appear as though whatever else was, he stated, “coming down to the degree of a phase conjuror.” Now a door is, well, essentially a door you may state and an individual does not need to be a skilled architect or a specialist on materials to tell, initially, what material a period front doors are produced from. The structure takes in detail is to a great extent controlled by the properties of the materials utilized in its development.

period front doors

One of these doors is an early 20th century unique, made using wood and inclined, skim, glass. The other is a late-twentieth-century conventional interrupter, mass-delivered in uPVC with included double coating. There are no prizes for speculating which will be which.

Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride’ known as uPVC is an adaptable and solid low-maintenance material which is impervious to numerous synthetic substances and to oxidation by water. In contrast to timber, it doesn’t decay nor does it organically break down, and it holds its shape in typical climatic temperatures. Excellent material for making doors, you may think.

UPVC doors are made up from expelled areas which have an unpredictable beauty covered up inside themselves which is, tragically, not evident in the completed item. The misfortune of uPVC doors is that their designs constantly follow the lines of customary front doors and flop, unfortunately. In correlation with timber doors, they look cumbersome, fake and severely proportioned. There is, it appears, but no uPVC stylish and make a decent attempt as they may, the basic to mirror wood makes uPVC doors consistently look as though they are made of plastic. It’s about time that somebody connected ‘truth to materials’ and arose with a uPVC door which was actually pleased to be plastic.

How bricks make doors

Lucy Greenslade finds the remarkable significance of the use of common brick.

Two hundred years ago, before the middle of the 20th century, the fired mud brick was the building material mostly used for the making buildings in London. The happening to the canal framework and afterward the railroads in the 19th century implied that huge amounts of bricks could be provided economically to London from furnaces in Middlesex, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Suffolk, and Essex. The pre-memorable Wealden muds of Kent and Sussex – with well-known names, for example, Funton and Chailey – also gave London stock bricks their trademark appearance, mixing warm tones of yellows and browns.

Sometimes before a Danish craftsman designed Lego, Londoners were building using the common bricks and strict modular system. Brick measurements are neither irregular nor accidental. Prior to metrication, the normal London brick was around 9 inches in length by 4 inches wide by 2½ inches high. The metric equal is 215mm long by 102.5mm wide by 65mm high. Metric or royal, the genuinely significant thought is that bricks must be the ideal size to fit a human hand.

It begins with the width. Take a look at the distance between your thumb and fingers. It’s probably going to associate with four inches i.e.102mm. Bricks must be appropriate for lifting with just one hand – leaving the other one allowed to use a trowel loaded down with cement. If two hands were expected to move the brick, the rhythm and speed of brick passing would be lost.

The width of the brick defines its length in the modular system. Two bricks laid one next to the other with 10mm of cement between them measure 215mm over. This is significant for holding; in a customary structure, alternate bricks placed at right-edges hold a wall together. A brick placed with its long side uncovered is defined as a ‘Stretcher’: appearing short side makes it a ‘Header’.

Victorian front doors
Solid masonry laid in English Bond: Headers and Stretchers in alternate courses

The brick size 65mm depends on two factors. One is weight – we are utilizing just one hand, and the other is cutting. In the event that bricks were a lot thicker than 65mm cutting them by man force become wasteful and irregular.

In the time period front doors, to work proficiently, bricklayers abstain from cutting blocks thus the widths and height of the openings into which our entryways must fit are brick measurements. Level measurements should be products of 215mm and 102.5mm not overlooking 10mm for every one of the vertical edges. Usually, builders use coordinating measurements of 225 x 112.5 x 75mm with the goal that the edges are not overlooked.

Victorian front door
Co-ordinating size is the brick plus 10mm of mortar

The London front door required to be more attractive than the other internal doors would be at least 2082mm in height and 915mm in width this means 82 inches by 3 feet to a Victorian woodworker.

It should be 28 courses of brickwork give 2110mm high for internal doors. This is the reason, after considering planks of flooring and the frame head, the resulting doors are for the most part around 2032mm (80 inches) in height. Widths are more important in building a structure of four bricks layer with 820mm of width.

Through the Glass Objectively

As human beings, we pretty much come onto some new information every single day. There’s always something that we do not know and suddenly learn. One such thing that a lot of people tend to learn is that glass is not really classified as a ‘solid’ or a ‘liquid’. When you look at it technically, it’s right in-between those two states of matter and is commonly considered as an ‘amorphous solid’. At the same time, something we might know for certain might very well turn out to be wrong. For example, the idea that glass tends to become thicker towards the bottom with time is completely false.Window glass does not flow downwards due to the effect of gravity, rather the variations in thickness we see in old glass is because of the way they were made.

Front doors have an aspect of usage that they share with the fanlights above them: they are used to allow light into dark entrance hallways. The Victorian, Georgian, and Edwardian front doors all varied in the way that they used glass panels to line and decorate the doors. Leaded lights along with stained glass is a topic that we have previously discussed in ‘Pieces of Light’. Hence, now we will focus on the techniques that have been used to cut glass over time, as well as etched glass.

London door
A four panel Victorian front door with sandblasted glass

Grinding, cutting, and polishing are quite simply the oldest techniques you will find when it comes to the art of glass cutting. Rather than using large pieces of obscure glass, our glass using ancestors turned to these techniques to form the solutions they needed for their front doors, something that has appealed more to the 21st century audience. Patterns first began to be applied on clear glass with either acidic or abrasive procedures.

Sand-blasting gave the glass a frosted look with many tiny scratches made in the surface of the glass. Moreover, if any part of the surface happened to be protected by inking-on a design or by a vinyl stencil before the sand/acid are applied, a permanent pattern can be left on the glass by wiping away the ink or peeling back the stencil. This results in a a mixture of both clear and etched patterns. If a fully obscured panel was in use, sand-blasting the entire background was necessary. This was followed by etching various patterns using acid.

period door
A floral design which has been brilliant cut into sandblasted glass

Cutting glass beautifully is a craft of the highest proportion. Designs are drawn on the surface of the glass and the entire pane is then expertly maneuvered against a sharp and brutal cutting wheel. Grooves are then weaved in by cutting, each of them carefully following the design pattern lines. Traditional methods involved obscuring the glass by hand using a fine grinding paste. Brilliant cuts were now below the flat surface on top, keeping their sleek and polished feel. A great example of such unparalleled craft can still be seen in a variety of period front doors all across London.